Are Woodworking Professionals Jeopardizing Their Project Certifications?

David Smith

In response to the ongoing war in Ukraine, the international community has imposed heavy sanctions on Russian exports, including the globally popular product, Russian Baltic birch. Recent reports from The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) have revealed that despite these sanctions, Russian Baltic birch is still finding its way into North America through southeast Asia, evading duties and undermining government efforts to penalize Russia. This not only compromises the efficacy of the sanctions but also puts projects’ Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certifications at risk, as Russian timber no longer holds these accreditations. Millworkers and caseworkers should seek FSC-certified materials as it signifies a commitment to sustainable and ethical practices. Choosing FSC-certified wood helps these professionals demonstrate their dedication to responsible sourcing, environmental conservation, and social responsibility. It also assures clients, architects, and other stakeholders that the wood used in their projects has been harvested and processed in a manner that aligns with high standards of sustainability.

The significance of building material certifications cannot be overstated. These certifications send a clear signal of assurance, guiding professionals towards responsibly sourced, quality products and adherence to ethical and environmental standards. Many architects and designers in North America are still unaware of the ethical implications and subsequent certification risks associated with using Russian Baltic birch. As the industry faces this pivotal moment, it is crucial to inform and educate woodworking professionals so that they may reevaluate their material choices and uphold integrity in the face of geopolitical complexities. Beyond individual projects, the impact of building material certifications extends to supply chains, economies, and ecosystems.


A Call For Change

The late 20th century witnessed growing awareness of deforestation, illegal logging, and the environmental degradation associated with unchecked timber harvesting. Illegal logging activities particularly in tropical rainforests, propelled the need for a standardized system to identify and promote sustainably sourced wood products.

In response to this urgent call for ethical alternatives, organizations and environmentalists collaborated to establish certification systems that would guarantee the responsible management of forests. FSC, founded in 1993, emerged as a result of concerted efforts from environmental NGOs, timber users, and indigenous peoples’ organizations. Similarly, PEFC, established in 1999, sought to create a global umbrella organization that would recognize national forest certification systems adhering to internationally accepted principles.

FSC and PEFC certifications are rigorous and comprehensive frameworks designed to ensure the sustainability and ethical sourcing of wood products. To obtain these certifications, companies must adhere to stringent criteria that cover various aspects of forest management, including biodiversity conservation, indigenous rights, and community engagement.

The certification process typically involves a thorough assessment of a company’s forestry practices by independent third-party auditors. This audit evaluates compliance with established standards, traceability of products throughout the supply chain, and adherence to social and environmental criteria. The aim is to verify that wood products bearing these certifications come from responsibly managed forests and meet high ethical and environmental standards.


A Call for Ethical Alternatives

Garnica, a global leader in plywood manufacturing, is defining new standards for sustainability and transparency in the industry. Their entire product range undergoes stringent manufacturing processes, ensuring that each panel can be traced through the supply chain and guaranteeing the highest standards of quality and consistency. Garnica’s Reinforced plywood line not only serves as a viable substitute for Russian Baltic birch in terms of strength and durability but is also backed by PEFC and FSC certifications, mitigating the risk of losing one’s certifications with uncertified materials. Other viable alternatives include European Poplar and Pine plywood which have a comparable weight, stability and versatility.


Broader Implications

Certifications play a vital role in shaping sustainable and responsible supply chains. When architects and designers prioritize certified materials, they contribute to fostering a global market that values ethical sourcing practices. In the case of the Russian Baltic birch, its illicit entry into North America not only raises concerns about the effectiveness of sanctions but also highlights the vulnerability of supply chains to geopolitical disruptions. By embracing certified materials, professionals can help create resilient supply chains that withstand external pressures, fostering stability and integrity in the industry.

Economies, too, feel the reverberations of building material certifications. The demand for responsibly sourced products influences market dynamics, incentivizing businesses to adopt sustainable practices. In the wake of sanctions and geopolitical tensions, a shift towards certified materials becomes not just an ethical choice but an economic one. Supporting products with recognized certifications bolsters local economies by encouraging investments in sustainable industries, promoting job growth, and aligning economic development with environmental stewardship.

Furthermore, the impact extends to ecosystems, where the choice of building materials directly affects biodiversity, deforestation rates, and overall environmental health. Certifications like FSC ensure that wood products come from responsibly managed forests, safeguarding ecosystems and preserving biodiversity. In contrast, the use of uncertified materials, as seen in the case of Russian Baltic birch, can contribute to deforestation and habitat degradation, exacerbating the environmental toll of geopolitical conflicts. Therefore, the conscientious selection of certified building materials becomes a crucial step in mitigating environmental harm and fostering a harmonious coexistence between human development and the natural world.


Looking Ahead

The woodworking industry stands at a crossroads where choices made today have far-reaching implications for the future. Embracing certified building materials is not just a matter of preference; it is a responsibility. Woodworking professionals hold the power to steer the industry in a new direction using certifications as their compass, aligning with global efforts for ethical and sustainable practices. Woodworking professionals, by opting for certified materials, contribute to the creation of a more sustainable and ethical future. These decisions not only stimulate innovation in sustainable materials but also establish a demand for ethical practices, influencing manufacturers to align with evolving industry standards.



David Smith is the President of Garnica’s North American Division and brings over 28 years of industry expertise to his role. Prior to joining Garnica, he held senior positions at EGGER Group and Arclin USA, later founding The David Smith Group, a consulting firm focused on sustainable building materials. With a proven track record in customer-centric solutions, David specializes in dynamic market leadership through sustainable innovation.

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