A Closer Look at What Canada’s National Housing Strategy Really Delivers

In 2022, the landscape of Canadian housing underwent significant shifts due to the government’s strategic spending under the National Housing Strategy (NHS). The year witnessed a crucial interplay between increased federal expenditures and evolving housing affordability challenges. This article delves into the key facets of federal spending on housing for the year from the Parliamentary Budget Officer’s 2023 report, providing a detailed breakdown of allocations and their implications for the housing sector.

The Big Picture: Total Expenditure and Budget Allocation

The Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO) estimates the total commitment for housing affordability, including updates from the 2022 Budget and Fall Economic Statement, to be around $89 billion. This figure surpasses the initial headline commitment of $82 billion, underscoring the government’s heightened focus on addressing housing needs. The breakdown of this funding reveals a multifaceted approach:

  • Budgetary Spending: Constituting $45.9 billion (51%) of the total, this includes $13.6 billion for pre-existing programs and $7.8 billion from new initiatives announced in 2022.
  • Loan Authorities: Representing $35.8 billion (40%) of the commitment.
  • Provincial-Territorial Contributions: Accounting for $7.7 billion (9%) through cost-matching arrangements.

Key Programs and Initiatives

Several programs under the NHS umbrella have received substantial funding, each targeting different aspects of the housing crisis:

  • Rental Construction Financing Initiative (RCFI): This program, allocated significant funds in 2022, encourages the construction of sustainable and affordable rental housing. A notable policy update allows a portion of repayable loans to be converted to non-repayable for developers meeting specific affordability and energy efficiency criteria.
  • Housing Accelerator Fund: With $4 billion over five years, this fund aims to create 100,000 new housing units, particularly in rapidly growing rural communities.
  • Rapid Housing Initiative (RHI): Extended for a third round with an additional $1.5 billion, the RHI focuses on creating new affordable units, with a significant portion dedicated to women-focused housing projects.
  • National Co-Investment Fund: Reallocated funds of $500 million aim to boost the creation of new housing units and repair existing ones.
  • Greener Affordable Housing: An additional $459 million over seven years is earmarked for low-income Canada Greener Homes Loan program, emphasizing sustainable housing solutions.

The Challenge of Rising Construction Costs

Despite these investments, the escalating cost of residential construction presents a challenge, potentially diminishing the real impact of federal spending. The PBO highlights this concern, noting the need for strategic adjustments to ensure the effectiveness of allocated funds in actual housing development.

Progress on the National Housing Strategy – A Place to Call Home

Affordability: A Diverse Definition

A critical aspect of the NHS is its varied definitions of affordability across different programs. For instance, the RCFI and the National Housing Co-Investment Fund (NHCF) employ distinct criteria for determining affordability. This diversity, while offering flexibility, also raises questions about consistency and the ability to meet the diverse needs of Canadian households.


Looking Forward

As Canada moves into 2024 and beyond, the focus remains on how effectively these investments translate into tangible improvements in housing affordability and availability. The government’s commitment, as reflected in the 2022 expenditures, sets a robust foundation. However, ongoing assessment and adaptive strategies will be crucial to address the evolving challenges in the housing sector.

The year 2022 marked a significant step in Canada’s journey towards improved housing affordability. With substantial federal investment in diverse programs and initiatives, the stage is set for transformative changes in the housing landscape. As the nation anticipates the impact of these expenditures, continuous evaluation and adaptation will be key to achieving the overarching goal of accessible and affordable housing for all Canadians.


Tyler Holt is the Editor of Wood Industry / Le monde du bois magazine. He has a master’s degree in literature and publication, and years of experience in the publishing and digital media industry. His main area of study is the effect of digital technologies on industrial and networked production.

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